Triangular Cooperation

The European Union and Triangular Cooperation

International Context

The 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals recognize the global challenges that must be addressed through a regional and global approach. They are based on the notion of global partnership, joint entrepreneurship and collective implementation, independently from the development level in a certain country.

The New European Consensus on Development reinforced this approach, focusing its priorities on the notions of Planet, Prosperity, People, Peace and Partnerships. The Consensus particularly highlights the need for an innovative engagement with the most advanced developing countries. As part of this commitment, the Consensus states that "the EU and its Member States will work with these countries to promote South-South and triangular cooperation, in accordance with the principles of development effectiveness". In this sense, the objective of Triangular Cooperation is to mobilise additional resources to achieve the SDGs and contribute to poverty reduction.

Triangular cooperation is becoming increasingly relevant for mobilizing and boosting cooperation capacities outside the traditional paths of development cooperation. It is a modality that can help empower at local level, promoting cooperation and exchanges, filling knowledge gaps and better mobilizing technical and policy levels. Triangular cooperation can also be a vehicle for resources from emerging donors to be harnessed in shared development agendas.

These are not new concepts; the principles for technical cooperation among developing countries were established in the 1978 Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA), which celebrated its 40th anniversary in March 2019, with 138 acceding countries. The EU contributed to the draft of the final BAPA +40 document and was represented in Buenos Aires by the EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, together with representatives of the EU Member States.

 

EU-LAC Reference Framework

In achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, global challenges will require regional partnerships and exchange of specific expertise and knowledge. These scenarios are leading to a redefinition of EU-LAC relations in order to respond effectively to the new development challenges posed by Latin America.

In this sense, the positive economic growth experienced in Latin America during the last decades has allowed almost all the countries in the region to acquire the status of "middle-income country", influencing the role that the region plays in the international context.

The region is demonstrating its capacity to offer innovative and personalized responses to the challenges posed by Agenda 2030. And the EU remains committed to work together with the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean to address these challenges and to develop joint capacities to deliver innovation through funding from the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI).

Under the DCI, EU Regulation 233/2014, which calls on the European Union to develop partnerships with beneficiary countries under new policy frameworks, bi-regional cooperation began to evolve from a donor-recipient relationship (focusing on national poverty reduction policies and in-country programmes) towards a more balanced relationship with greater attention to mutual interest issues.

Within this framework, Triangular Cooperation has become a priority in terms of its ability to offer more flexible structures, innovation and personalized responses to local realities. Triangular cooperation is also essential for the region's external projection on the international agenda as a laboratory of ideas and new types of cooperation. In fact, between 2006 and 2016 the evolution of the number of Triangular Cooperation actions, projects and initiatives that have taken place in the region shows a strong sustained growth.

 

The EU also sees the Latin American region as a natural option for launching a new approach to international cooperation called 'development in transition', based on multilateral partnerships, comprehensive nationally owned strategies, flexibility and innovation, and recognition of the unique contribution of all countries involved. It includes the design of new partnerships between and within regions, also through South-South and Triangular Cooperation, and the search for new ways of interacting with countries with a higher level of development and income, as are many in Latin America. To incorporate this approach, the Regional Facility for Latin America and the Caribbean on Development in Transition, together with OECD and ECLAC, was approved in 2018. The initial EU contribution was €9.5 million.

Finally, the path taken by the New European Consensus on Development has recently been completed (in April 2019) with the launch of the joint EU-LAC Communication prepared by the European External Action Service. According to this document, EU development cooperation (regional and bilateral) should be based on the notion of personalised partnerships, taking into account the needs, strategies, priorities and resources of LAC countries. These partnerships should cover development cooperation and financial assistance, but also include a range of strategies, policies and instruments, in order to reflect the growing variety of circumstances in developing countries.

Undoubtedly, in order to foster this new type of partnership with Latin America, the EU considers it essential to have a modality such as Triangular Cooperation in order to contribute to the achievement of Agenda 2030 and the commitment of the Sustainable Development Objectives to "leave no one behind".

Past events

Mar 22, 2019
Convention Center of Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Second United Nations Conference On South-South And Triangular Cooperation, PABA +40.

The Argentine Republic will host the "Second High Level Conference of the United Nations on South-South Cooperation" between March 20 and 22, 2019.

The High Level Conference was convened by the General Assembly of the United Nations (UNGA) through Resolution 71/244, by which the Argentine Republic was designated as...

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Nov 28 - 30, 2018
Nueva York - Estados Unidos

Global South-South Development Exhibition – GSSD

The World Expo on South-South Development (GSSD Expo) will take place this year at the United Nations headquarters in New York from November 28 to 30, 2018. Organized by the Office of South-South Cooperation of the United Nations (UNOSSC), in collaboration with United Nations agencies and other partners, the GSSD Expo will strategically involve...

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Sep 12, 2018
World

Day for the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation

South-South cooperation is a manifestation of solidarity among peoples and countries of the South that contributes to the well-being of these populations, their collective independence and the achievement of internationally agreed development goals, such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

This...

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May 15, 2018
Prague, Czech Republic

Invest in SDGs through South-South and Triangular Cooperation

South-South cooperation has become an important vehicle to accelerate sustainable development. Investment is an important dimension, which is rapidly increasing among countries in the global South. However, there are still challenges to overcome in the achievement of the full potential of South-South investments and their impact on sustainable...

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May 02, 2018
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Informal Meeting on Triangular Cooperation

AIMS:

  • Provide a forum for open discussion, at the highest level, on the current status of triangular cooperation (TC) and to what extent TC should focus at the level of the G20, in order to provide political force to TC as a tool for achieving the SDGs
  • ...
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Apr 17 - Apr 18, 2018
Lisbon, Portugal

International Meeting on Triangular Cooperation, jointly organised by the OECD

This international meeting will bring together a wide range of professionals and officials from the different actors involved in triangular cooperation. It will provide an opportunity for participants to share knowledge and experiences on how triangular cooperation can achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, on management practices and tools...

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Apr 12, 2018
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Sep 12, 2017
International

Day for the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation

Pursuant to resolution 58/220 of 23rd December 2003, the General Assembly of the United Nations decided to declare the 19th of December United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation. The term South-South cooperation is used by politicians and academics to describe the exchange of resources, technology, and knowledge between...

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ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean

Reunión con el equipo de Justicia Restaurativa, Costa Rica

Santo Domingo
,
República Dominicana
|
16/03/2017

During the months of February, March and April 2017, Gabriel Fernández, head of the Technical Assistance team, and Laura Cabral, specialist in project management, carried out the first visits to all the ADELANTE projects.

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean
Buenos Aires
,
Argentina
|
13/09/2016

At the end of 2015, the European Commission launched the Regional Facility for Cooperation and International Association—now known as ADELANTE. Its objective is to improve the integration of the countries in Latin America and the Caribbean and help them to achieve their development goals.

Institutions related to Triangular Cooperation

NATIONAL AGENCIES AND ENTITIES OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
ABC - Agencia Brasileña de Cooperación

Agência Brasileira de Cooperação

https://cooperacionsursur.org/es/


Agencia Chilena de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo

Agencia Chilena de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo

https://www.agci.cl 


Agencia Peruana de Cooperación Internacional

http://www.apci.gob.pe


Agencia Presidencial para la Cooperación Internacional – APC-Colombia

https://www.apccolombia.gov.co


Agencia Mexicana de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo

https://www.gob.mx/amexcid


Agencia Uruguaya de Cooperación Internacional

Agencia Uruguaya de Cooperación Internacional

http://www.auci.gub.uy


Agencia Uruguaya de Cooperación Internacional

Cooperación Internacional Ecuador
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana

www.cancilleria.gob.ec/cooperacion-internacional-servicios/


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección de Cooperación Internacional
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de Costa Rica

https://www.rree.go.cr/?sec=ministerio&cat=cooperacion%20internacional


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección de Cooperación Internacional
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Paraguay

http://www2.mre.gov.py


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional - Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de la República Argentina

http://cooperacionarg.gob.ar


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección General de Cooperación Multilateral
Ministerio de Economía, Planificación y Desarrollo de República Dominicana

http://www.digecoom.gob.do


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección General de Cooperación para el Desarrollo - Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador

http://cooperacion.rree.gob.sv


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores y Cooperación

http://www.cancilleria.gob.ni


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Subsecretaria de Cooperación Internacional
Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de Guatemala

http://www.segeplan.gob.gt


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Subsecretaria de Cooperación internacional y Relaciones Económicas
Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores de Honduras

http://www.sre.gob.hn





 
REGIONAL, INTERNATIONAL AND MULTILATERAL ORGANIZATIONS

Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular

Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo

http://www.aecid.es/ES/la-aecid


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular

Dirección de Cooperación Internacional y Desarrollo (DG DEVCO) de la Comisión Europea

https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/la-dg-de-cooperacion-internacional-y-desarrollo-dg-devco_es


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular

Corporación Alemana para la Cooperación Internacional - GIZ

https://www.giz.de/en/worldwide/11821.html


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Instituto da Cooperação e da Lingua Portugal - CAMÕES

https://www.instituto-camoes.pt/


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Oficina de las Naciones Unidas para la Cooperación Sur-Sur - UNOSSC

https://www.unsouthsouth.org/?lang=es


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos - OCDE

http://www.oecd.org


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Organizzazione internazionale italo-latino americana - IILA

http://iila.org/es/


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Programa Iberoamericano para el fortalecimiento
de Cooperación Sur-Sur - PIFCSS

https://cooperacionsursur.org/es/


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Portal de Cooperación Sur-Sur de la FAO

http://www.fao.org/south-south-gateway/es/


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Secretaría General Iberoamericana - SEGIB

https://www.segib.org