Triangular Cooperation

The European Union and Triangular Cooperation

International Context

The 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals recognize the global challenges that must be addressed through a regional and global approach. They are based on the notion of global partnership, joint entrepreneurship and collective implementation, independently from the development level in a certain country.

The New European Consensus on Development reinforced this approach, focusing its priorities on the notions of Planet, Prosperity, People, Peace and Partnerships. The Consensus particularly highlights the need for an innovative engagement with the most advanced developing countries. As part of this commitment, the Consensus states that "the EU and its Member States will work with these countries to promote South-South and triangular cooperation, in accordance with the principles of development effectiveness". In this sense, the objective of Triangular Cooperation is to mobilise additional resources to achieve the SDGs and contribute to poverty reduction.

Triangular cooperation is becoming increasingly relevant for mobilizing and boosting cooperation capacities outside the traditional paths of development cooperation. It is a modality that can help empower at local level, promoting cooperation and exchanges, filling knowledge gaps and better mobilizing technical and policy levels. Triangular cooperation can also be a vehicle for resources from emerging donors to be harnessed in shared development agendas.

These are not new concepts; the principles for technical cooperation among developing countries were established in the 1978 Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA), which celebrated its 40th anniversary in March 2019, with 138 acceding countries. The EU contributed to the draft of the final BAPA +40 document and was represented in Buenos Aires by the EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, together with representatives of the EU Member States.

EU-LAC Reference Framework

In achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, global challenges will require regional partnerships and exchange of specific expertise and knowledge. These scenarios are leading to a redefinition of EU-LAC relations in order to respond effectively to the new development challenges posed by Latin America.

In this sense, the positive economic growth experienced in Latin America during the last decades has allowed almost all the countries in the region to acquire the status of "middle-income country", influencing the role that the region plays in the international context.

The region is demonstrating its capacity to offer innovative and personalized responses to the challenges posed by Agenda 2030. And the EU remains committed to work together with the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean to address these challenges and to develop joint capacities to deliver innovation through funding from the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI).

Under the DCI, EU Regulation 233/2014, which calls on the European Union to develop partnerships with beneficiary countries under new policy frameworks, bi-regional cooperation began to evolve from a donor-recipient relationship (focusing on national poverty reduction policies and in-country programmes) towards a more balanced relationship with greater attention to mutual interest issues.

Within this framework, Triangular Cooperation has become a priority in terms of its ability to offer more flexible structures, innovation and personalized responses to local realities. Triangular cooperation is also essential for the region's external projection on the international agenda as a laboratory of ideas and new types of cooperation. In fact, between 2006 and 2016 the evolution of the number of Triangular Cooperation actions, projects and initiatives that have taken place in the region shows a strong sustained growth.

The EU also sees the Latin American region as a natural option for launching a new approach to international cooperation called 'development in transition', based on multilateral partnerships, comprehensive nationally owned strategies, flexibility and innovation, and recognition of the unique contribution of all countries involved. It includes the design of new partnerships between and within regions, also through South-South and Triangular Cooperation, and the search for new ways of interacting with countries with a higher level of development and income, as are many in Latin America. To incorporate this approach, the Regional Facility for Latin America and the Caribbean on Development in Transition, together with OECD and ECLAC, was approved in 2018. The initial EU contribution was €9.5 million.

Finally, the path taken by the New European Consensus on Development has recently been completed (in April 2019) with the launch of the joint EU-LAC Communication prepared by the European External Action Service. According to this document, EU development cooperation (regional and bilateral) should be based on the notion of personalised partnerships, taking into account the needs, strategies, priorities and resources of LAC countries. These partnerships should cover development cooperation and financial assistance, but also include a range of strategies, policies and instruments, in order to reflect the growing variety of circumstances in developing countries.

Undoubtedly, in order to foster this new type of partnership with Latin America, the EU considers it essential to have a modality such as Triangular Cooperation in order to contribute to the achievement of Agenda 2030 and the commitment of the Sustainable Development Objectives to "leave no one behind".

Past events

Mar 22, 2019
Convention Center of Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

Second United Nations Conference On South-South And Triangular Cooperation, PABA +40.

The Argentine Republic will host the "Second High Level Conference of the United Nations on South-South Cooperation" between March 20 and 22, 2019.

The High Level Conference was convened by the General Assembly of the United Nations (UNGA) through Resolution 71/244, by which the Argentine Republic was designated as...

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Nov 28 - 30, 2018
Nueva York - Estados Unidos

Global South-South Development Exhibition – GSSD

The World Expo on South-South Development (GSSD Expo) will take place this year at the United Nations headquarters in New York from November 28 to 30, 2018. Organized by the Office of South-South Cooperation of the United Nations (UNOSSC), in collaboration with United Nations agencies and other partners, the GSSD Expo will strategically involve...

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Sep 12, 2018
World

Day for the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation

South-South cooperation is a manifestation of solidarity among peoples and countries of the South that contributes to the well-being of these populations, their collective independence and the achievement of internationally agreed development goals, such as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

This...

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May 15, 2018
Prague, Czech Republic

Invest in SDGs through South-South and Triangular Cooperation

South-South cooperation has become an important vehicle to accelerate sustainable development. Investment is an important dimension, which is rapidly increasing among countries in the global South. However, there are still challenges to overcome in the achievement of the full potential of South-South investments and their impact on sustainable...

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May 02, 2018
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Informal Meeting on Triangular Cooperation

AIMS:

  • Provide a forum for open discussion, at the highest level, on the current status of triangular cooperation (TC) and to what extent TC should focus at the level of the G20, in order to provide political force to TC as a tool for achieving the SDGs
  • ...
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Apr 17 - Apr 18, 2018
Lisbon, Portugal

International Meeting on Triangular Cooperation, jointly organised by the OECD

This international meeting will bring together a wide range of professionals and officials from the different actors involved in triangular cooperation. It will provide an opportunity for participants to share knowledge and experiences on how triangular cooperation can achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, on management practices and tools...

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Apr 12, 2018
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Sep 12, 2017
International

Day for the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation

Pursuant to resolution 58/220 of 23rd December 2003, the General Assembly of the United Nations decided to declare the 19th of December United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation. The term South-South cooperation is used by politicians and academics to describe the exchange of resources, technology, and knowledge between...

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ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean
Santiago
,
Chile
|
06/10/2018

The European Commissioner for Development and Cooperation, Neven Mimica, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Chile, Roberto Ampuero, were the keynote speakers of the High Level Dialogue held in Santiago, Chile on October 4, on cooperation for development between the European Union (EU) and Latin America and the Caribbean.

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean

Foto cortesia http://www.panamaon.com/

PANAMA CITY
,
Panamá
|
29/06/2018

As part of her official mission in Jamaica, Deputy Minister María Luisa Navarro accompanied by the Director General of Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Selina Baños presided over the First Meeting of the Joint Commission between Panama and Jamaica in the framework of cooperation for development between both countries, where both parties expressed their desire to continue developing and deepening the association that exists between Panama.

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean

Alicia Bárcena, Secretaria Ejecutiva de la CEPAL, durante el seminario realizado en Panamá.
Foto: gentileza Unión Europea

Panamá
, |
14/06/2018

A call to rethink development and generate a new consensus based on greater regional integration, international cooperation that effectively supports countries in transition to the development of Latin America and the Caribbean, and investments and industrial policies that favor the environmental impulse towards a more sustainable growth for equality, said the Executive Secretary of ECLAC, Alicia Bárcena, during a high-level meeting organized by the European Union (EU) in Panama.

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean
Brussels, Belgium
, |
11/06/2018

Organized by the European Commission, the European Development Days (EDD) meet every year in Brussels, and since 2006, the development community of all continents to share ideas and experiences in order to seek innovative solutions oriented to the most pressing challenges on the planet. This year, the EDD took place on June 5 and 6 under the slogan "Women and girls at the forefront of sustainable development: protect, empower and invest".

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union and Latin America & the Caribbean

Photo AUCI

Montevideo
,
Uruguay
|
30/05/2018

Organized by the European Commission, the European Development Days (EDD) meet every year in Brussels, and since 2006, the development community of all continents to share ideas and experiences in order to seek innovative solutions oriented to the most pressing challenges on the planet. This year, the EDD took place on June 5 and 6 under the slogan "Women and girls at the forefront of sustainable development: protect, empower and invest".

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean
Brasil
,
Brasil
|
14/03/2018

The Ibero-American General Secretariat, Rebeca Grynspan, presented last Friday in Brazil, for the first time in its 10 year history, the "Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America 2017". The publication produced by the Segib gathers together all the initiatives that are developed in this area within the framework of the Ibero-American community.

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union and Latin America & the Caribbean
La Habana
,
Cuba
|
04/03/2018

Cuba will highlight the importance of South-South cooperation and reiterate its willingness to strengthen it at the XXXV Conference of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for Latin America and the Caribbean, which will begin this Monday in Jamaica.

According to members of the Cuban delegation to this FAO forum, the largest of the Antilles will also refer to issues related to climate change, hurricanes and the strengthening of civil defense against these phenomena.

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean

Fuente: APC-Colombia

Bogotá
,
Colombia
|
19/12/2017

The "Annual Inter-institutional Meeting: South-South Cooperation and its Contribution to Development", led by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and APC-Colombia, was held in Bogotá on December 15, with the participation of national entities, territorial authorities and South-South cooperation partners from the private sector, NGOs and academia.

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean

Fuente: AUCI

Montevideo
,
Uruguay
|
16/08/2017

The Ibero-American Programme for the Strengthening of South-South Cooperation (PIFCSS), in coordination with the Uruguayan Agency for International Cooperation (AUCI) and the Training Centre of the Spanish Cooperation in Uruguay, develops the workshop "The incorporation of gender perspective in the management of South-South and Triangular Cooperation in Latin America".

ADELANTE Programme: Triangular Cooperation European Union Latin America and the Caribbean

Fuente: Cooperación Argentina

Buenos Aires
,
Argentina
|
03/07/2017

Argentina has been chosen as the headquarters for the Technical Unit of the Ibero-American Programme for the Strengthening of South-South Cooperation (PIFCSS) for the period 2018-2020. Through the Ministry’s General Management for International Cooperation, our country will serve as the Programme’s Executive Secretary. The decision was made unanimously by the countries that are involved in the programme, within the framework of the Intergovernmental Technical Committee that met this Monday, 3rd July, in the city of Madrid, Spain.

ADELANTE - Cooperación Triangular - UE-ALC

La Cooperación Sur-Sur y la Cooperación Triangular de la OIT y el trabajo decente

Novedades recientes y futuras medidas
AUTHOR: OFICINA INTERNACIONAL DEL TRABAJO
DATE: March 22, 2018
PAGES: 11

En el presente documento se informa sobre la aplicación de la Estrategia de la OIT sobre la cooperación Sur-Sur y la cooperación triangular (CSSCT) adoptada por el Consejo de Administración en marzo de 2012, y se proponen medidas futuras en materia de CSSCT, con miras a contribuir a la próxima discusión general sobre la eficacia de la cooperación para el desarrollo en apoyo de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), que tendrá lugar en la 107.ª reunión de la Conferencia Internacional del Trabajo (2018).

ADELANTE - Cooperación Triangular - UE-ALC

Informe de la Cooperación Sur-Sur 2017 en Iberoamérica

AUTHOR: Secretaría General Iberoamericana (SEGIB)
DATE: December 01, 2017
PAGES: 232

El presente informe 2017 confirma el importante dinamismo de la CSS en nuestra región. Hace ya varias ediciones que el informe registra año tras año más de 1.000 acciones de Cooperación Sur-Sur, lo cual es un logro sin precedentes. Asimismo, la cooperación triangular sigue mostrando un protagonismo creciente, con 159 iniciativas desarrolladas en la región, lo que significa que en una década este tipo de cooperación se ha multiplicado por ocho.

ADELANTE - Cooperación Triangular - UE-ALC

DT/14 - Lecciones aprendidas y retos para la articulación de actores y la gestión de la Cooperación Descentralizada Sur-Sur

Serie Documentos de Trabajo
AUTHOR: Programa Iberoamericano para el Fortalecimiento de la Cooperación Sur-Sur
DATE: January 06, 2017
PAGES: 86
Esta publicación surge en el marco del trabajo realizado para el Taller “Lecciones aprendidas y retos para la articulación de actores y la gestión de la Cooperación Descentralizada Sur-Sur”, que tuvo lugar en la ciudad de Asunción, Paraguay, en abril de 2017. El objetivo principal del encuentro y trabajo realizado fue propiciar un espacio de reflexión e intercambio de conocimiento conjunto para llevar a cabo una caracterización acerca de la Cooperación Descentralizada Sur-Sur (exclusivamente) en Iberoamérica, identificando oportunidades que permitan su dinamización a partir de acciones de los organismos nacionales rectores de cooperación internacional, con el fin de posicionar / institucionalizar espacios de coordinación y apoyo entre países
ADELANTE - Cooperación Triangular - UE-ALC

DT/13 - Guía orientadora para la sistematización de experiencias. Perspectiva de género, ODS y Cooperación Sur-Sur

Serie Documento de Trabajo
AUTHOR: Programa Iberoamericano para el Fortalecimiento de la Cooperación Sur-Sur
DATE: January 02, 2017
PAGES: 90
El presente documento busca identificar prácticas e iniciativas de desarrollo replicables en los países miembros del PIFCSS y que tengan mayores efectos para el cumplimiento de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible, destacando la relevancia de transversalizar la perspectiva de género en todo el proceso de sistematización; con independencia del grado de incorporación de género en la experiencia.
ADELANTE - Cooperación Triangular - UE-ALC

Guía orientadora para la gestión de la cooperación triangular en Iberoamérica.

Documento de Trabajo No. 8, año 2015
AUTHOR: Programa Iberoamericano para el Fortalecimiento de la Cooperación Sur-Sur
DATE: January 01, 2015
PAGES: 72
La presente Guía es el producto de un proceso de construcción conjunta de los países iberoamericanos, en donde de común acuerdo se han identificado criterios operativos, prácticas y herramientas concretas para una mejor gestión de la Cooperación Triangular; en ella se pretende dar lineamientos operativos claros, a la vez que contribuir a la generación de mejores capacidades de gestión para una cooperacion triangular más efectiva.
ADELANTE - Cooperación Triangular - UE-ALC

Cooperación sur-sur y triangular en América Latina en el marco de la Unión Europea

Documento de Trabajo Nº 26
AUTHOR: José Ángel Sotillo Lorenzo y Leticia Bendelac Gordon - IUDC-UCM
DATE: December 27, 2013
PAGES: 56

El presente documento es producto de la investigación titulada Cooperación Sur-Sur y triangular en América Latina en el marco de la unión europea, dentro de la 11-CAP2- 1496 sobre “El papel de los nuevos donantes y los mecanismos de cooperación triangular en el marco de las prioridades de la cooperación española con los países de renta media de América Latina” financiada por la Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional y Desarrollo.

ADELANTE - Cooperación Triangular - EU-ALC

El intercambio de conocimientos en la cooperación triangular en América Latina y el Caribe

Una mirada exploratoria
AUTHOR: Christian Freres
DATE: May 01, 2013
PAGES: 18

La época actual se caracteriza por el rápido flujo del conocimiento, facilitado por la globalización y las nuevas tecnologías de información y comunicación (TICs). Por ello, es lógico que haya emergido el tema del conocimiento como un elemento de creciente importancia en la agenda de desarrollo a nivel global y en América Latina y el Caribe. Alrededor de este fenómeno surgen preguntas centrales como: ¿Cuál es la relevancia del conocimiento en el desarrollo? ¿En qué consiste el intercambio de conocimiento en la Cooperación al Desarrollo? ¿Se diferencia la transferencia del conocimiento de la gestión del conocimiento? ¿Cuáles son los cooperantes tradicionales y países de la región que apoyan el intercambio de conocimientos a través de la Cooperación Sur-Sur y Triangular?

Institutions related to Triangular Cooperation

NATIONAL AGENCIES AND ENTITIES OF INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION FOR DEVELOPMENT
ABC - Agencia Brasileña de Cooperación

Agência Brasileira de Cooperação

https://cooperacionsursur.org/es/


Agencia Chilena de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo

Agencia Chilena de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo

https://www.agci.cl 


Agencia Peruana de Cooperación Internacional

http://www.apci.gob.pe


Agencia Presidencial para la Cooperación Internacional – APC-Colombia

https://www.apccolombia.gov.co


Agencia Mexicana de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo

https://www.gob.mx/amexcid


Agencia Uruguaya de Cooperación Internacional

Agencia Uruguaya de Cooperación Internacional

http://www.auci.gub.uy


Agencia Uruguaya de Cooperación Internacional

Cooperación Internacional Ecuador
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana

www.cancilleria.gob.ec/cooperacion-internacional-servicios/


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección de Cooperación Internacional
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de Costa Rica

https://www.rree.go.cr/?sec=ministerio&cat=cooperacion%20internacional


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección de Cooperación Internacional
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de Paraguay

http://www2.mre.gov.py


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional - Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de la República Argentina

http://cooperacionarg.gob.ar


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección General de Cooperación Multilateral
Ministerio de Economía, Planificación y Desarrollo de República Dominicana

http://www.digecoom.gob.do


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Dirección General de Cooperación para el Desarrollo - Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador

http://cooperacion.rree.gob.sv


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores y Cooperación

http://www.cancilleria.gob.ni


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Subsecretaria de Cooperación Internacional
Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de Guatemala

http://www.segeplan.gob.gt


Dirección General de Cooperación Internacional

Subsecretaria de Cooperación internacional y Relaciones Económicas
Secretaria de Relaciones Exteriores de Honduras

http://www.sre.gob.hn





 
REGIONAL, INTERNATIONAL AND MULTILATERAL ORGANIZATIONS

Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular

Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo

http://www.aecid.es/ES/la-aecid


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular

Dirección de Cooperación Internacional y Desarrollo (DG DEVCO) de la Comisión Europea

https://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/la-dg-de-cooperacion-internacional-y-desarrollo-dg-devco_es


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular

Corporación Alemana para la Cooperación Internacional - GIZ

https://www.giz.de/en/worldwide/11821.html


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Instituto da Cooperação e da Lingua Portugal - CAMÕES

https://www.instituto-camoes.pt/


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Oficina de las Naciones Unidas para la Cooperación Sur-Sur - UNOSSC

https://www.unsouthsouth.org/?lang=es


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Organización para la Cooperación y el Desarrollo Económicos - OCDE

http://www.oecd.org


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Organizzazione internazionale italo-latino americana - IILA

http://iila.org/es/


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Programa Iberoamericano para el fortalecimiento
de Cooperación Sur-Sur - PIFCSS

https://cooperacionsursur.org/es/


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Portal de Cooperación Sur-Sur de la FAO

http://www.fao.org/south-south-gateway/es/


Programa ADELANTE, Cooperación Triangular EU-ALC

Secretaría General Iberoamericana - SEGIB

https://www.segib.org