The European Union and Triangular Cooperation
The 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals recognize the global challenges that must be addressed through a regional and global approach. They are based on the notion of global partnership, joint entrepreneurship and collective implementation, independently from the development level in a certain country.
The New European Consensus on Development reinforced this approach, focusing its priorities on the notions of Planet, Prosperity, People, Peace and Partnerships. The Consensus particularly highlights the need for an innovative engagement with the most advanced developing countries. As part of this commitment, the Consensus states that "the EU and its Member States will work with these countries to promote South-South and triangular cooperation, in accordance with the principles of development effectiveness". In this sense, the objective of Triangular Cooperation is to mobilise additional resources to achieve the SDGs and contribute to poverty reduction.
Triangular cooperation is becoming increasingly relevant for mobilizing and boosting cooperation capacities outside the traditional paths of development cooperation. It is a modality that can help empower at local level, promoting cooperation and exchanges, filling knowledge gaps and better mobilizing technical and policy levels. Triangular cooperation can also be a vehicle for resources from emerging donors to be harnessed in shared development agendas.
These are not new concepts; the principles for technical cooperation among developing countries were established in the 1978 Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA), which celebrated its 40th anniversary in March 2019, with 138 acceding countries. The EU contributed to the draft of the final BAPA +40 document and was represented in Buenos Aires by the EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, together with representatives of the EU Member States.
EU-LAC Reference Framework
In achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, global challenges will require regional partnerships and exchange of specific expertise and knowledge. These scenarios are leading to a redefinition of EU-LAC relations in order to respond effectively to the new development challenges posed by Latin America.
In this sense, the positive economic growth experienced in Latin America during the last decades has allowed almost all the countries in the region to acquire the status of "middle-income country", influencing the role that the region plays in the international context.
The region is demonstrating its capacity to offer innovative and personalized responses to the challenges posed by Agenda 2030. And the EU remains committed to work together with the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean to address these challenges and to develop joint capacities to deliver innovation through funding from the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI).
Under the DCI, EU Regulation 233/2014, which calls on the European Union to develop partnerships with beneficiary countries under new policy frameworks, bi-regional cooperation began to evolve from a donor-recipient relationship (focusing on national poverty reduction policies and in-country programmes) towards a more balanced relationship with greater attention to mutual interest issues.
Within this framework, Triangular Cooperation has become a priority in terms of its ability to offer more flexible structures, innovation and personalized responses to local realities. Triangular cooperation is also essential for the region's external projection on the international agenda as a laboratory of ideas and new types of cooperation. In fact, between 2006 and 2016 the evolution of the number of Triangular Cooperation actions, projects and initiatives that have taken place in the region shows a strong sustained growth.
The EU also sees the Latin American region as a natural option for launching a new approach to international cooperation called 'development in transition', based on multilateral partnerships, comprehensive nationally owned strategies, flexibility and innovation, and recognition of the unique contribution of all countries involved. It includes the design of new partnerships between and within regions, also through South-South and Triangular Cooperation, and the search for new ways of interacting with countries with a higher level of development and income, as are many in Latin America. To incorporate this approach, the Regional Facility for Latin America and the Caribbean on Development in Transition, together with OECD and ECLAC, was approved in 2018. The initial EU contribution was €9.5 million.
Finally, the path taken by the New European Consensus on Development has recently been completed (in April 2019) with the launch of the joint EU-LAC Communication prepared by the European External Action Service. According to this document, EU development cooperation (regional and bilateral) should be based on the notion of personalised partnerships, taking into account the needs, strategies, priorities and resources of LAC countries. These partnerships should cover development cooperation and financial assistance, but also include a range of strategies, policies and instruments, in order to reflect the growing variety of circumstances in developing countries.
Undoubtedly, in order to foster this new type of partnership with Latin America, the EU considers it essential to have a modality such as Triangular Cooperation in order to contribute to the achievement of Agenda 2030 and the commitment of the Sustainable Development Objectives to "leave no one behind".
It is my pleasure to introduce the publication of the document for the systematisation of the ADELANTE Programme, which systematises its first phase of execution, covering the period between 2016 and 2020.
Throughout its first four years of life, the ADELANTE Programme and its eight projects of Triangular Cooperation between Europe and Latin America and the Caribbean have generated positive impacts in a good number of countries of the region, effectively contributing to 27 Goals and 9 Objectives of the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development. Key to this has been the involvement and commitment of more than 50 public, academic and social institutions from 23 European and Latin American countries.
The Paper called "The Added Value of Triangular Cooperation - Lessons Learned from the ADELANTE Programme" was officially presented in Brussels on 27 January 2020. Representatives from Latin American and Caribbean countries, as well as from other regions and several Member States, together with a number of people from DEVCO directorates and units, and from the social, business and academic sectors crowded into DEVCO's Info Point to learn about the outcome of this OECD - European Union joint exercise.
Based on the very positive experiences of the meetings in Montevideo (October 2018) and Buenos Aires (March 2019), the Third Meeting of projects of the ADELANTE Programme was held in San José, Costa Rica, on 11, 12 and 13 November.
The Fifth International Meeting on Triangular Cooperation was held in Lisbon on 17 and 18 October, organized by the Development Cooperation Directorate of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and by the Camões - Institute for Cooperation and Language, with support from the Ibero-American Programme to Strengthen South-South Cooperation
The Second High-Level UN Conference on South-South Cooperation (BAPA+40) took place from 20 to 22 March, in Buenos Aires, organized by the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation (UNOSSC), in collaboration with the Government of Argentina.
Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development Neven Mimica is on an official visit to Buenos Aires to promote innovative multilateral partnerships for sustainable development, in particular triangular cooperation, and to discuss the EU's cooperation with Argentina.
The European Commissioner for Development and Cooperation, Neven Mimica, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Chile, Roberto Ampuero, were the keynote speakers of the High Level Dialogue held in Santiago, Chile on October 4, on cooperation for development between the European Union (EU) and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Foto cortesia http://www.panamaon.com/
As part of her official mission in Jamaica, Deputy Minister María Luisa Navarro accompanied by the Director General of Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Selina Baños presided over the First Meeting of the Joint Commission between Panama and Jamaica in the framework of cooperation for development between both countries, where both parties expressed their desire to continue developing and deepening the association that exists between Panama.
Alicia Bárcena, Secretaria Ejecutiva de la CEPAL, durante el seminario realizado en Panamá.
Foto: gentileza Unión Europea
A call to rethink development and generate a new consensus based on greater regional integration, international cooperation that effectively supports countries in transition to the development of Latin America and the Caribbean, and investments and industrial policies that favor the environmental impulse towards a more sustainable growth for equality, said the Executive Secretary of ECLAC, Alicia Bárcena, during a high-level meeting organized by the European Union (EU) in Panama.
Lessons learned from Triangular Cooperation between the European Union and Latin America and the Caribbean
The purpose of this document is to compile and analyse the lessons learned from ADELANTE, the European Union’s flagship programme for Triangular Cooperation with Latin America and the Caribbean.
The experiences gathered in it are the result of the implementation of eight projects co-financed by the programme during the period 2016 to 2020. These projects have been characterised by addressing different thematic areas, taking place in several countries and with a wide variety of actors, building on different forms of collaboration among one another and with different action strategies.
However, ADELANTE has touched on many other important areas of work these past four years: the added value of Triangular Cooperation as a development modality, the contribution to the 2030 Agenda, knowledge management, strategic relationships and an active role in Triangular Cooperation, communication and visibility.
The Value Added of Triangular Co-operation
This paper is the result of a joint pilot exercise of the “Toolkit for identifying, monitoring and evaluating the value added of triangular co-operation” among the EU-LAC Facility for Triangular Co-operation (ADELANTE) and the OECD. The eight projects of the ADELANTE Facility worked with the questionnaire of the evaluation tool to assess the value added of working in a trilateral partnership. The EU team and the projects agreed that the six areas identified as potential value added of triangular co-operation are valid for ADELANTE. The joint pilot exercise was insightful and inspiring for all of the partners involved as an instrument for mutual learning. The recommendations arising from this joint exercise will contribute to the design of future EU triangular co-operation initiatives, aiming to make good use of the value added of the modality and addressing the challenges in a constructive, forward-looking way.
Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America 2018
With barely a few months to the Conference commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA), recognized as a foundational landmark of modern SouthSouth Cooperation, the Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB) is delighted to present the Report on South-South Cooperation in IberoAmerica 2018 to the international community. This eleventh edition of the Report signals a new phase in the history of a publication that continues to be the only regional report on South-South Cooperation in the world. The year 2017 marked the tenth anniversary of the first edition of the Report on SouthSouth Cooperation in Ibero-America, and the mandate provided by the Heads of State and Government of our countries, within the framework of the 27th Ibero-American Summit at Santiago de Chile, to push for its annual publication.
Ten years in which we have gained an unprecedented experience and knowledge, with the support of the Ibero-American Program to Strengthen South-South Cooperation (PIFCSS) and each of the 22 member countries. We have also designed and implemented the regional online data platform on South-South Cooperation (SIDICSS, by its Spanish acronym), unique in the world, whose greatest asset is the opportunity to learn more and better about the SSC in which Ibero-America participated through the nearly 8,000 projects registered and stored to date on our data platform.
Good Practices in South-South and Triangular Cooperation for Sustainable Development
The importance of South-South and triangular cooperation in accelerating sustainable development has gained continued momentum over the last decades. There is growing consensus around sharing ideas, knowledge and skills to address common challenges and build shared strengths. Developing countries are increasingly recognizing good practices in South-South and triangular cooperation as viable pathways to accelerate progress in the attainment of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The new surge in South-South and triangular cooperation has also seen countries in the South increasingly championing solutions that address common transnational development challenges which would be difficult to tackle independently.
The second of its series, the Good Practices in South-South and Triangular Cooperation for Sustainable Development highlights how South-South cooperation and triangular cooperation can accelerate progress towards the implementation and achievement of the SDGs. This series features more than 100 good practices presented by Member States, United Nations agencies and other development partners. This compendium of good practices presents notable solutions at the national, subregional, regional and global levels to crucial challenges faced by developing countries ranging from efforts to eradicate poverty, reduce inequality, support climate change action and create peaceful and cohesive societies. It demonstrates how developing countries collaborate among themselves to address challenges through solidarity, peer-to-peer learning and collective self-reliance. The evidence gathered in this volume aims to benefit developing countries seeking to scale up South-South and triangular cooperation initiatives, particularly in the widespread application of policies, strategies and programmes.
A Decade of South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America
A Decade of South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America is a publication to commemorate the joint work undertaken by SEGIB and the Ibero-American countries in South-South Cooperation since its beginning 2007. The result of this joint effort of systematization, recording and analysis of South-South Cooperation initiatives has been reflected in the successive editions of the Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America, an international benchmark publication by the Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB). Therefore, the book commemorates both the joint cooperative efforts of the region as well as the first ten editions of the Report.
La Cooperación Sur-Sur y la Cooperación Triangular de la OIT y el trabajo decente
En el presente documento se informa sobre la aplicación de la Estrategia de la OIT sobre la cooperación Sur-Sur y la cooperación triangular (CSSCT) adoptada por el Consejo de Administración en marzo de 2012, y se proponen medidas futuras en materia de CSSCT, con miras a contribuir a la próxima discusión general sobre la eficacia de la cooperación para el desarrollo en apoyo de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), que tendrá lugar en la 107.ª reunión de la Conferencia Internacional del Trabajo (2018).
Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America 2017
The Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America 2017 is put forward to the international community within a specific context of South-South Cooperation (SSC) in which three particularly important processes come together. Firstly, the global debate ahead of the United Nations High-level Conference that commemorates the 40th anniversary of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action (BAPA+40), the foundational milestone of contemporary SSC. Secondly, the progress made in the instrumentalization of the new Sustainable Development Goals’ (SDGs) Agenda 2030, which gives SSC and its specific instruments an unprecedented role in the new global development agenda. Thirdly, a decade since the first Report on South-South Cooperation in IberoAmerica, a far-reaching technical and political effort that has made IberoAmerica an international benchmark in this field, which reflects symmetric, horizontal, voluntary cooperation, based on the belief that we all have to learn and contribute to building an inclusive and sustainable development.
DT/14 - Lecciones aprendidas y retos para la articulación de actores y la gestión de la Cooperación Descentralizada Sur-Sur
DT/13 - Guía orientadora para la sistematización de experiencias. Perspectiva de género, ODS y Cooperación Sur-Sur
Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America 2016
South-South Cooperation has amassed a wealth of experience over six decades. Its history has shown steady progress; an evolution accomplished through discussions in the learning process about development. Ibero-America has contributed to this evolution with the first, comprehensive, online, information platform on South-South Cooperation. The results of the information gathered, processed and analyzed on this platform are delivered to the entire international community through this Report on South-South Cooperation in Ibero-America 2016.
Indeed, the Ibero-American Integrated Data System on South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SIDICSS), operational since September 2015, is the outcome of the joint endeavor of Ibero-American countries, the Ibero-American Program to Strengthen SouthSouth Cooperation (PIFCSS) and the Ibero-American General Secretariat (SEGIB). Having spent nearly a decade supporting the Ibero-American countries in their endeavor to develop more and better South-South Cooperation, it is a source of pride, and enormous responsibility, that SEGIB has been mandated by the Ibero-American countries to host and ensure the proper functioning of this platform to the best interest of all Member States.